Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy. Deuteronomy is the “recap of the law.” When you hear reference to the laws and prophets, know that “the laws” are pretty well spelled out in Deuteronomy.
I recently mentioned the shocking revelation that “sacrificing your children as a burnt offering” was a common enough practice that it had to be called out as a “no can do” for the Israelites entering the promised land. However, “if a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who does not obey his father and mother and will not listen to them when they discipline him, his father and mother shall take hold of him and bring him to the elders at the gate of his town. They shall say to the elders, ‘This son of ours is stubborn and rebellious. He will not obey us. He is a profligate and a drunkard.’ Then all the men of his town shall stone him to death. You must purge the evil from among you. All Israel will hear of it and be afraid.” (Deuteronomy 21:18-21)
Laws run the gamut from: “Do not plow with an ox and a donkey yoked together” to “A woman must not wear men’s clothing and vice versa” to “if a man is guilty of a capital offense, and hung from a tree, you must leave leave his body on the tree overnight” to “how to handle unsolved murders” to “if a man’s testicles are crushed or his penis cut off, he may not be admitted to the assembly of the Lord.” There are some very detailed and prescriptive rules for handling lots of situations. There are rules about poop and rules about nocturnal emissions. Lots of rules governing sex and relationships. Rules about child-rearing issues: rights of the first born, handling of favorites. . . . Stoning rebellious ones.
The power, mercy and grace of the New Testament is becoming clearer.